Maisons-Alfort


Maisons-Alfort


Maisons-Alfort (French pronunciation: ​[mɛ.zɔ̃.al.fɔʁ]) is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.4 km (5.2 mi) from the center of Paris.

Maisons-Alfort is famous as the location of the National Veterinary School of Alfort. The Fort de Charenton, constructed between 1841 and 1845, has since 1959 housed the Commandement des Écoles de la Gendarmerie Nationale.

Name

Originally, Maisons-Alfort was called simply Maisons. The name Maisons comes from Medieval Latin Mansiones, meaning "the houses".

At the creation of the commune during the French Revolution, the name of the hamlet of Alfort was joined with the name of Maisons. The name Alfort comes from the manor built there by Peter of Aigueblanche, Bishop of Hereford (England), in the middle of the 13th century. The name of this Manor of Hereford was corrupted into Harefort, then Hallefort, and eventually Alfort. The National Veterinary School of Alfort was settled several centuries later in the manor and its estate.

History

On 1 April 1885, 40% of the territory of Maisons-Alfort was detached and became the commune of Alfortville.

In 1905, Buffalo Bill stayed two months in Maisons-Alfort while his famous Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show performed in Paris.

Demographics

Immigration

Administration

Maisons-Alfort is divided into two cantons:

  • Maisons-Alfort-Nord, with 23,704 inhabitants;
  • Maisons-Alfort-Sud, with 27 399 inhabitants.

Points of interest

  • École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort
  • Fort de Charenton
  • Jardin botanique de l'École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort
  • Musée Fragonard d'Alfort
  • Château de Réghat

Education

The commune has:

  • 13 public preschools (écoles maternelles)
  • 12 public elementary schools
  • Three private preschools and elementary schools: Ecole Privée Notre-Dame, Ecole et collège Privée Sainte-Thérèse
  • Four public junior high schools: Collège Condorcet, Collège Edouard Herriot, Collège Jules Ferry, Collège Nicolas de Staël
  • One private elementary and junior high school, Ecole et collège Privée Sainte-Thérèse
  • Two public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges: Lycée Eugène Delacroix and Lycée Professionnel Paul Bert

Personalities

  • Tariq Abdul-Wahad, basketball player
  • Thomas N'Gijol, comedian
  • Ladjie Soukouna, footballer
  • Nicole Tourneur, women writer

International relations

Maisons-Alfort is twinned with Moers in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Transport

Maisons-Alfort is served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 8: École Vétérinaire de Maisons-Alfort, Maisons-Alfort — Stade, and Maisons-Alfort — Les Juilliottes.

It is also served by two stations on Paris RER line D: Maisons-Alfort – Alfortville and Le Vert de Maisons.

See also

  • Communes of the Val-de-Marne department

References

External links

  • Official website



Maisons-Alfort


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