Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark


Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark


The Archdiocese of Newark is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in northeastern New Jersey, United States. Its ecclesiastic territory includes all of the Catholic parishes and schools in the New Jersey counties of Bergen, Union, Hudson and Essex (where the city of Newark is located).

The Archbishop of Newark presides from the Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart in Newark. He is metropolitan for all the New Jersey dioceses, with the suffragan sees being the Diocese of Camden, the Diocese of Metuchen, the Diocese of Paterson and the Diocese of Trenton.

History

On November 26, 1784, Pope Pius VI erected the Apostolic Prefecture of United States of America with the territory of what was then the entire United States of America. On November 6, 1789, the same pope raised this prefecture to a diocese and changed its title to Diocese of Baltimore headed by the first American bishop, John Carroll.

On April 8, 1808, Pope Pius VII erected the Diocese of Philadelphia, the Diocese of Boston, the Diocese of Bardstown, and the Diocese of New York, taking their territory from the Diocese of Baltimore. He simultaneously elevated the Diocese of Baltimore to a metropolitan archdiocese and assigned all four new sees as its suffragans. At that time, he split the state of New Jersey, assigning Sussex, Bergen, Morris, Essex, Somerset, Middlesex, and Monmouth counties in the northeastern part of the state to the Diocese of New York and the rest of the state to the Diocese of Philadelphia.

On 29 July 1853, Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Newark, taking the territory in New Jersey from both the Diocese of New York and the Diocese of Philadelphia, and thus reuniting the state of New Jersey in a single diocese.

On 2 August 1881, Pope Leo XIII erected the Diocese of Trenton, taking the southern portion of New Jersey from the Diocese of Newark.

Newark's Saint Mary's Abbey was instrumental in the 1889 founding of Saint Anselm College, a Catholic, Benedictine college in Goffstown, New Hampshire.

On 9 December 1937, Pope Pius XI erected the Diocese of Paterson, taking Morris, Sussex, and Passaic counties from the Diocese of Newark, establishing the present territory of the Archdiocese of Newark. On the same day, he erected the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden, taking the southern portion of New Jersey from the Diocese of Trenton. The next day, he elevated the Diocese of Newark to a metropolitan archdiocese, designating the Diocese of Camden, the Diocese of Paterson, and the Diocese of Trenton as its suffragan sees.

On 19 November 1981, Pope John Paul II erected the Diocese of Metuchen, taking its territory from the Diocese of Trenton and designating it as an additional suffragan see of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Newark. This action established the present configuration of the Metropolitan Province of Newark.

On September 24, 2013, Pope Francis appointed Bishop Bernard Hebda, Bishop of Gaylord, Michigan, as Coadjutor Archbishop of Newark, positioning him to succeed Archbishop John J. Myers when the latter retired, resigned, or died. However, after Pope Francis appointed Hebda Apostolic Administrator of Saint Paul and Minneapolis in June 2015, concurrent with Coadjutor Archbishop of Newark, he then named Hebda Archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis on March 24, 2016, ending any possibility that Hebda would succeed Myers.

In February 2014, the New York Times reported Archbishop Myers planned to retire to a 7,500-foot "palace" expanded at his direction in Pittstown, New Jersey.

Pope Francis accepted the resignation of Myers on November 7, 2016 and named Cardinal Joseph W. Tobin, then Archbishop of Indianapolis, to be the Archbishop of Newark. Newark, like Indianapolis, had never before been headed by a cardinal. His installation took place on January 6, 2017.

On 7 May 2020, the Archdiocese of Newark released a statement revealing that ten of its schools- nine elementary and the Cristo Rey Newark High School-would permanently close at the end of academic year due to heavy financial strains. The statement released by the Archdiocese of Newark also noted that the archdiocese would have to pay approximately $80 million in order to keep all of its remaining elementary schools open for only five more years.

Sexual abuse scandal

In August 2017, the Archdiocese of Newark priest Rev. Kevin Gugilotta received an 11 year prison sentence after pleading guilty to possession of child pornography In March 2019, it was announced that Gugilotta, was named as a plaintiff in a sex abuse lawsuit which claimed that he committed acts of sex abuse while serving the archdiocese in Union County. At the same time, it was announced that the process of defrocking Gugilotta was underway. By 2020, Gugilotta was permanently removed from ministry.

In July 2018, it was reported that Catholic dioceses in New Jersey paid two former priests a total of $180,000 after they said Cardinal Theodore McCarrick had sexually abused them.

A subsequent news report by Catholic News Agency, based on interviews with six unnamed priests of the Archdiocese of Newark, gave more details on McCarrick's actions while Archbishop of Newark. According to this report, when McCarrick would visit the seminary in the Newark diocese, he "would often place his hand on seminarians while talking with them, or on their thighs while seated near them." One of the priests stated that McCarrick "had a type: tall, slim, intelligent - but no smokers." He stated that McCarrick would invite young men to stay at his house on the shore, or to spend the night in the cathedral rectory in central Newark. In response to the story, the Archdiocese of Newark stated that neither the six anonymous priests interviewed for the story, nor anyone else, "has ever spoken to Cardinal Tobin about a 'gay sub-culture' in the Archdiocese of Newark."

The news story also stated that in 2014, a priest was removed from his job as rector of St. Andrew's Hall, the archdiocesan college seminary, after it was alleged that he had hidden a camera in a young priest's bedroom. In response to the story, the Archdiocese of Newark stated that this priest had been "going through a personal crisis and received therapy after the incident at the seminary. Although he is not serving as a pastor, he has been deemed fit for priestly ministry and hopes to serve as a hospital chaplain."

On 17 August 2018 the Catholic News Agency reported that six Newark priests alleged experience of sexual misconduct by two priests in seminary and ministry in the archdiocese. Archbishop Tobin responded with a letter to the priests of Newark on the same day, saying that he had been unaware of the issue. He concluded the letter by encouraging priests to refer media inquiries to the archdiocesan director of communications, rather than speak to journalists. This drew criticism, following the many cases of Church cover-ups rather than transparency, such as "The Catholic church's habit of secrecy and denial continues".

On September 26, 2018, it was announced that Archdiocese of Newark was now one of four American Dioceses facing an investigation by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. McCarrick served in each Diocese under investigation.

On February 13, 2019, all of the Catholic Dioceses based in New Jersey released the names of clergy who had been credibly accused of sexually abusing children since 1940. Of the 188 listed, 63 were based in the Archdiocese of Newark. Archbishop Cardinal Joseph Tobin also acknowledged that the alleged acts of abuse committed by the clergy listed were reported to law enforcement agencies. One of the priests also served in not only the Archdiocese of Newark, but also in the Diocese of Paterson. By 2020, the names of 86 accused clergy who served in Archdiocese of Newark were made public. Some of those listed were already convicted.

In December 2019, a new law went into effect throughout the state of New Jersey which resulted in some of McCarrick's victims filing lawsuits against the former Cardinal and Archdiocese of Newark. As of December 9, 2019, a total of eight lawsuits were filed against the archdiocese, with one also being the first filed against the Vatican.

On December 27, 2019, the Washington Post revealed that McCarrick gave $600,000 to high-ranking church officials, including two popes, multiple priests, cardinals and archbishops, when he was Archbishop of Washington between 2001 and 2006 amid a sexual abuse probe. The Post article stated that "Several of the more than 100 recipients were directly involved in assessing misconduct claims against McCarrick, documents and interviews show." However, some of these recipients, including both Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI, had little oversight over these transactions. Robert Hoatson, a Archdiocese of Newark cleric who was involved in the transactions, described these payments as "hush money."

By February 9, 2020, the five Catholic dioceses in the state of New Jersey, including the Archdiocese of Newark, had paid a total of over $11 million to compensate 105 claims of sex abuse committed by Catholic clergy. Of these 105 claims, 98 were compensated through settlements. The payments also do not involve 459 other sex abuse cases in these dioceses which are still not resolved. The same month, it was reported that not only the Archdiocese of Newark, but of Diocese of Meutchen and Diocese of Trenton were secretly paying McCarrick's victims since 2005.

On July 13, 2020, it was revealed that nine new sex abuse lawsuits were filed against the Archdiocese of Newark. The new lawsuits allege abuse by four archdiocese priests and three members of religious orders, including one cleric who had not been publicly accused of abuse before the lawsuit was made public. On July 23, 2020, it was revealed that a new lawsuit which had been filed against the Archdiocese of Newark, Diocese of Metuchen and Catholic schools an alleged victim attended claimed that a beach house which McCarrick owned served as common places priests and others under the control of McCarrick engaged in “open and obvious criminal sexual conduct” that was kept cloaked by the church. Though it did claim whether or not McCarrick asked the other priests to bring boys to the beach house, the lawsuit did also that allege that some of his priests served as “procurers” who agreed to bring victims to McCarrick as well. Though McCarrick was serving as Bishop of Metuchen at time of the alleged abuse, the alleged victim was also attending Catholic schools which belonged to the Archdiocese of Newark as well. The alleged victim maintained that McCarrick abused him with the assistance of other priests beginning in 1982 when he was 14. The lawsuit stated that boys were assigned different rooms in the house and paired with adult clergymen.

On August 10, 2020, it was revealed that a seminary professor who worked at a local seminary which McCarrick had ties to did report in the late 1980s that McCarrick was taking seminary students to his shore house and that this allegation was disregarded by the Catholic church. The Catholic church was also revealed to disregarded the allegations against McCarrick when Newark Auxiliary Bishop Arthur Serratelli, who has been described as a McCarrick "creation," was made Bishop of Paterson. Serratelli himself has faced accusations of promoting and protecting "predators." On September 9, 2020, a new lawsuit was filed which that in 1997, the Archdiocese of Newark purchased one of two beach houses which then Archbishop McCarrick owned when he was serving as Bishop of the Diocese of Metuchen and alleged that the house was in fact previously used as a sex abuse ring. The Archdiocese of Newark was also revealed to have purchased and sold another beach house which McCarrick previously owned. and was also accused of using as a sex abuse ring, months before purchasing the second beach.

On August 12, 2020, it was revealed that two former male students, who ages ranged from 14 to 15 at the time, were suing the Archdiocese of Newark's Paramus Catholic High School, alleging that the school's former hockey coach Bernard Garris molested them numerous times on school grounds and while on school-sanctioned athletic trips between 1986 and 1988, The lawsuit also alleged that Archdiocese of Newark, the school and Archbishop McCarrick had covered up the abuse after it was reported as well. On October 9, 2020, eight more former Paramus students filed lawsuits accusing Garris of sexually abusing them.

Churches

Bishops

Bishops of Newark

  1. James Roosevelt Bayley (1853–1872), appointed Archbishop of Baltimore
  2. Michael Corrigan (1873–1880), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of New York and subsequently succeeded to that see
  3. Winand Wigger (1881–1901)
  4. John J. O'Connor (1901–1927)
  5. Thomas J. Walsh (1928–1937), elevated to archbishop

Archbishops of Newark

  1. Thomas J. Walsh (1937–1952)
  2. Thomas Aloysius Boland (1953–1974)
  3. Peter Leo Gerety (1974–1986)
  4. Theodore Edgar McCarrick (1986–2000), appointed Archbishop of Washington
  5. John J. Myers (2001–2016)
    - Bernard Hebda (coadjutor archbishop 2013–2016; concurrently Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis 2015-2016), appointed Archbishop of St. Paul and Minneapolis
  6. Cardinal Joseph William Tobin, C.Ss.R. (2017–present)

Current auxiliary bishops

  • Manuel Aurelio Cruz (2008–present)
  • Elias R. Lorenzo, OSB (2020-present)
  • Michael A. Saporito (2020-present)
  • Gregory J. Studerus (2020-present)

Former auxiliary bishops

  • Thomas H. McLaughlin (1935-1937), appointed Bishop of Paterson
  • William A. Griffin (1938-1940), appointed Bishop of Trenton
  • Thomas Aloysius Boland (1940-1947), appointed Bishop of Paterson and later Archbishop of Newark
  • Justin J. McCarthy (1954-1957), appointed Bishop of Camden
  • Martin Walter Stanton (1957-1972)
  • Joseph Arthur Costello (1963-1978)
  • John Joseph Dougherty (1963-1982)
  • Jerome Arthur Pechillo, TOR (1976-1991)
  • Joseph Abel Francis, SVD (1976-1995)
  • Robert Francis Garner (1976-1995)
  • Dominic Anthony Marconi (1976-2002)
  • David Arias Pérez, OAR (1983-2004)
  • James T. McHugh (1987-1989), appointed Bishop of Camden and later Coadjutor Bishop and Bishop of Rockville Centre
  • John Mortimer Smith (1988-1991), appointed Bishop of Pensacola-Tallahassee and later Coadjutor Bishop and Bishop of Trenton
  • Michael Saltarelli (1990-1995), appointed Bishop of Wilmington
  • Charles James McDonnell (1994-2004)
  • Nicholas Anthony DiMarzio (1996-1999), appointed Bishop of Camden and later Bishop of Brooklyn
  • Paul Gregory Bootkoski (1997-2002), appointed Bishop of Metuchen
  • Arthur Serratelli (2000-2004), appointed Bishop of Paterson
  • Edgar Moreira da Cunha, SDV (2003-2014), appointed Bishop of Fall River
  • Gaetano Aldo Donato (2004-2015)
  • John Walter Flesey (2004-2017)

Other priests of this diocese who became bishops

  • Robert Seton, appointed titular archbishop of Heliopolis in Phoenicia in 1903
  • Peter Baldacchino, appointed auxiliary bishop of Miami in 2014, later became Bishop of Las Cruces

Schools

Seminaries

  • Immaculate Conception (Archdiocesan Major Seminary) at Seton Hall University in South Orange
  • Saint Andrew's Hall College Seminary at Seton Hall University in South Orange
  • Redemptoris Mater Archdiocesan Missionary Seminary in Kearny, New Jersey

Higher education

  • Seton Hall University
  • Caldwell College
  • Felician College
  • Saint Peter's University

Primary and secondary schools

High schools are listed here:

Bergen County
  • Academy of the Holy Angels (Demarest)
  • Bergen Catholic High School (Oradell)
  • Don Bosco Preparatory High School (Ramsey)
  • Immaculate Conception High School (Lodi)
  • Immaculate Heart Academy (Washington Township)
  • Paramus Catholic High School (Paramus)
  • Queen of Peace High School (North Arlington) (closed 2017)
  • St. Joseph Regional High School (Montvale)
  • St. Mary High School (Rutherford)
Essex County
  • Christ the King Preparatory School (Newark) (Closed 2020)
  • Immaculate Conception High School (Montclair)
  • Lacordaire Academy (Upper Montclair)
  • Mount Saint Dominic Academy (Caldwell)
  • St. Benedict's Preparatory School (Newark)
  • St. Vincent Academy (Newark)
  • Seton Hall Preparatory School (West Orange)
Hudson County
  • Holy Family Academy (Bayonne) (CLOSED)
  • Hudson Catholic Regional High School (Jersey City)
  • Marist High School (Bayonne) (closed 2020)
  • St. Anthony High School (Jersey City) -- closed 2017
  • St. Dominic Academy (Jersey City)
  • St. Peter's Preparatory School (Jersey City)
  • Kenmare High School* (Jersey City)
* Alternative school financially independent of archdiocese.
Union County
  • Benedictine Academy (Elizabeth) (closed 2020)
  • Mother Seton Regional High School (Clark)
  • Oak Knoll School of the Holy Child (Summit)
  • Oratory Preparatory School (Summit)
  • Roselle Catholic High School (Roselle)
  • St. Mary of the Assumption High School (Elizabeth) (closed 2019)
  • Union Catholic Regional High School (Scotch Plains)

Cemeteries

  • Christ The King Cemetery, Franklin Lakes
  • Gate of Heaven Cemetery, East Hanover
  • Holy Cross Cemetery, North Arlington
  • Holy Name Cemetery, Jersey City
  • Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, East Orange
  • Madonna Cemetery, Fort Lee
  • Maryrest Cemetery, Mahwah
  • Saint Gertrude's Cemetery, Colonia
  • Saint Joseph's Cemetery, Lyndhurst

Parishes of the Archdiocese of Newark

See parishes by location and county here: List of parishes at the Archdiocese of Newark website

Province of Newark

See also

  • LT John P. Washington, Chaplain, USA – one of the Four Chaplains killed during World War II
  • Major Charles J. Watters, Chaplain, USA – killed in Vietnam War; awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously
  • Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Passaic
  • Syrian Catholic Eparchy of Our Lady of Deliverance of Newark
  • List of the Catholic cathedrals of the United States
  • List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
  • Plenary Councils of Baltimore
  • Catholic Church in the United States
  • Catholic Church and politics in the United States
  • History of Roman Catholicism in the United States

References

External links

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark Official Site
  • Search for burials in the Archdiocese of Newark database
  • New Jersey Provincial Directory


Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark


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