Biosphere reserves of India

Biosphere reserves of India

The Indian government has established 18 biosphere reserves (categories roughly correspondingly to IUCN Category V Protected areas) to protect larger areas of natural habitat than a typical national park or animal sanctuary, and that often include one or more national parks or reserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

World network

Twelve of the eighteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list.

List of biosphere reserves in India

Potential sites

The following is a list of potential sites for Biosphere Reserves as selected by Ministry of Forests and Environment:

  • Abujmarh, Chhattisgarh
  • Andaman and Nicobar, North Islands
  • Chintapalli, Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh
  • Kanha, Madhya Pradesh
  • Kovalam, Kerala
  • Lakshadweep Islands, Lakshadweep
  • Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
  • Phawngpui (Blue Mountain), Mizoram
  • Namdapha, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Singhbhum, Jharkhand
  • Tawang and West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Thar Desert, Rajasthan
  • Tadoba National Park and Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra

See also

  • Bodhi Tree
  • List of Banyan trees in India
  • List of national parks of India
  • Sacred groves of India
  • Sacred trees
  • Wildlife sanctuaries of India


Collection James Bond 007

External links

  • Wildlife Institute of India webpage on India's Biosphere Reserves at (archived 9 May 2004)
  • United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas: India (1993) at the Library of Congress Web Archives (archived 25 November 2001)
  • Ministry of Environment and Forests

Biosphere reserves of India