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List of people burned as heretics


List of people burned as heretics




This is a list of people burned after being deemed heretics by different Christian Churches. The list does not attempt to encompass the list of those executed by burning for other reasons (such as victims of witch hunts or other persecutions).

The Catholic Encyclopedia states that "with the formal recognition of the Church by the State and the increase of ecclesiastical penalties proportioned to the increase of ecclesiastical offences, came an appeal from the Church to the secular arm for aid in enforcing the said penalties, which aid was always willingly granted [...] deviations from the Catholic Faith, were by the State made punishable in civil law and secular penalties were attached to them." Canon 3 of the ecumenical Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215 required secular authorities to "exterminate in the territories subject to their jurisdiction all heretics" pointed out by the Catholic Church, resulting in the inquisitor executing certain people accused of heresy. Some laws allowed the civil government to employ punishment.

Pre-Reformation Roman Catholic Europe

  • Ramihrdus of Cambrai (1076 or 1077) (lynched)
  • Peter of Bruys († 1130) (lynched)
  • Gerard Segarelli († 1300)
  • Fra Dolcino († 1307) (never tried by Catholic Church), Italy
  • Marguerite Porete († 1310), Paris, France
  • Botulf Botulfsson († 1311), the only known person executed for heresy in Sweden
  • Jacques de Molay (1243–1314), burned after conviction by a tribunal under the control of King Philip IV of France, Paris, France
  • Geoffroi de Charney († 1314), burned with Jacques de Molay above, Paris, France.
  • Guilhèm Belibasta († 1321), last Cathar, Villerouge-Termenès, France
  • Cecco d'Ascoli († 1327), Florence, Italy
  • Na Prous Boneta († 1328)
  • William Sawtre († 1401), Smithfield, London, England
  • John Badby († 1410), Smithfield, London, England
  • Jan Hus (1371–1415), Constance, Germany
  • Jerome of Prague (1365–1416)
  • William Taylor († 1423), Smithfield, London, England
  • Joan of Arc (1412–1431), Trial of Joan of Arc, Rouen, France
  • Thomas Bagley († 1431), Smithfield, London, England
  • Pavel Kravař († 1433)
  • Joan Boughton († 1494), Smithfield, London, England
  • Girolamo Savonarola, Domenico da Pascia, and Silvestro Maruffi(† 1498), Florence, Italy (hanged and then burned)
JBL PARTYBOX ENCORE

Roman Catholic countries

  • Ipswich Martyrs († 1515–1558)
  • Jean Vallière († 1523)
  • Jan de Bakker († 1525), 1st martyr in the Northern Netherland
  • Wendelmoet Claesdochter († 1527), 1st Dutch woman charged and burned for the accusation of heresy
  • Michael Sattler († 1527), Rottenburg am Neckar, Germany
  • Patrick Hamilton († 1528), St Andrews, Scotland
  • Balthasar Hubmaier (1485–1528), Vienna, Austria
  • George Blaurock (1491–1529), Klausen, Tyrol
  • Thomas Hitton († 1530), Maidstone, England
  • Richard Bayfield († 1531), Smithfield, England
  • Thomas Benet († 1531), Exeter, England
  • Thomas Bilney († 1531), Norwich, England
  • Joan Bocher († 1531), Smithfield, England
  • Solomon Molcho († 1532), Mantua
  • Thomas Harding († 1532), Chesham, England
  • James Bainham († 1532), Smithfield, England
  • John Frith (1503–1533), Smithfield, England
  • William Tyndale (1490–1536), Belgium
  • Jakob Hutter († 1536), Innsbruck, Tyrol
  • Aefgen Listincx († 1538), Münster, Germany
  • John Forest († 1538), Smithfield, England
  • Katarzyna Weiglowa († 1538), Poland
  • Anneke Esaiasdochter († 1539), The Netherlands
  • Francisco de San Roman († 1540), Spain
  • Étienne Dolet (1509–1546), Paris, France
  • Henry Filmer († 1543), Windsor, England
  • Robert Testwood († 1543), Windsor, England
  • Anthony Pearson († 1543), Windsor, England
  • Maria van Beckum († 1544)
  • Ursula van Beckum († 1544)
  • Colchester Martyrs († 1545 to 1558), 26 people, Colchester, England
  • George Wishart (1513–1546), St Andrews, Scotland
  • John Hooper († 1555), Gloucester, England
  • John Rogers († 1555), London, England
  • Canterbury Martyrs († 1555–1558), c.40 people, Canterbury, England
  • Laurence Saunders, (1519–1555), Coventry, England
  • Rowland Taylor († 1555), Hadleigh, Suffolk, England
  • Cornelius Bongey, († 1555), Coventry, England
  • Dirick Carver, († 1555), Lewes, England
  • Robert Ferrar († 1555), Carmarthen, Wales
  • William Flower († 1555), Westminster, England
  • Patrick Pakingham († 1555), Uxbridge, England
  • Hugh Latimer (1485–1555), Oxford, England
  • Robert Samuel († 1555), Ipswich, England
  • Nicholas Ridley (1500–1555), Oxford, England
  • John Bradford († 1555), London, England
  • John Cardmaker († 1555), Smithfield, London, England
  • Robert Glover († 1555), Hertford, England
  • Thomas Hawkes († 1555), Coggeshall, England
  • Thomas Tomkins († 1555), Smithfield, London, England
  • Thomas Cranmer (1489–1556), Oxford, England
  • Stratford Martyrs († 1556), 11 men and 2 women, Stratford, London, England
  • Guernsey Martyrs († 1556), 3 women, Guernsey, Channel Islands
  • Joan Waste († 1556), Derby, England
  • Bartlet Green († 1556), Smithfield, London, England
  • John Hullier († 1556), Cambridge, England
  • John Forman († 1556), East Grinstead, England
  • Pomponio Algerio († 1556) Boiled in oil, Rome
  • Alexander Gooch and Alice Driver († 1558), Ipswich, England
  • Augustino de Cazalla († 1559), Valladolid, Spain
  • Carlos de Seso († 1559), Valladolid, Spain
  • María de Bohórquez († 1559)
  • Pietro Carnesecchi († 1567) Florence, Italy
  • Leonor de Cisneros († 1568), Valladolid, Spain
  • Weyn Ockers († 1568), Netherlands
  • Dirk Willems († 1569), Netherlands
  • Anneke Ogiers († 1570), Netherlands
  • Menocchio (1532–1599), Italy
  • Giordano Bruno (1548–1600), Rome, Italy
  • Fulgenzio Manfredi (1560 ca. - 1610) Rome, Italy
  • Lucilio Vanini (Giulio Cesare Vanini) (1585–1619), Toulouse, France
  • Caterina Tarongí († 1691)
  • Kimpa Vita (1684–1706), Angola
  • Maria Barbara Carillo (1625–1721), Madrid, Spain
  • Gertrude Cordovana († 1724), Palermo, Italy
  • Ana de Castro († 1736)
  • Abraham ben Abraham († 1749), Vilna, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • María de los Dolores López († 1781), Seville, Spain

Protestant countries

  • Robert Barnes († 1540), Smithfield, London, England
  • Thomas Gerrard († 1540), Smithfield, England
  • Anne Askew (1521–1546), Smithfield, England
  • John Lascelles († 1546), Smithfield, England
  • John Adams († 1546), Smithfield, England
  • Joan Bocher († 1550), Smithfield, England
  • George van Parris († 1551), Smithfield, England
  • Matthew Hamont († 1579), Norwich, England
  • Francis Kett († 1589), Norwich, England
  • Bartholomew Legate (1575–1612), Smithfield, England
  • Edward Wightman (1566–1612), relapsed heretic, Lichfield, England
  • Michael Servetus (1511–1553), Geneva, Switzerland
  • Stephen Cotton († 1558), Brentford, England
  • Nicolas Antoine (1602–1632), Geneva, Switzerland

Eastern Orthodox countries

  • Basil the Physician († 1118), by Emperor Alexius I Comnenus; heresy
  • Avvakum Petrovich (1620–1682), by Tsar Feodor III of Russia; combating the Starovery movement
  • Quirinus Kuhlmann († 1689), by Tsar Ivan V of Russia; considered politically dangerous

See also

  • List of people executed for witchcraft
  • Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
  • List of Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation
PEUGEOT 205

References

  • Foxe, John (1855). M. Hobart Seymore (ed.). The Acts and Monuments of the Church. New York: Robert Carter and Brothers. Retrieved 27 February 2013.

External links

  • Foxe's book of Martyrs Retrieved 27 February 2013

Text submitted to CC-BY-SA license. Source: List of people burned as heretics by Wikipedia (Historical)



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