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List of left and far-left parties in Europe


List of left and far-left parties in Europe


This is a list of European political parties that have been classified as centre-left or far-left on the political spectrum. The categorisation of some parties may vary in different sources.

  • List of communist parties represented in European Parliament
  • List of socialist parties with national parliamentary representation
  • List of social democratic and democratic socialist parties that have governed
  • Backes, Uwe; Moreau, Patrick (2008). Communist and Post-Communist Parties in Europe. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. ISBN 9783525369128.
  • Daiber, Birgit; Hildebrandt, Cornelia; Striethorst, Anna (Eds.) (2012). From Revolution to Coalition – Radical Left Parties in Europe (PDF). Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation.
  • Dunphy, Richard (2004). Contesting capitalism? Left parties and European integration. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719068041.
  • Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Farnham, Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate. ISBN 9780754678403.
  • March, Luke (2008). Contemporary Far Left Parties in Europe (PDF). Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. ISBN 978-3-86872-000-6.
  • March, Luke; Mudde, Cas (2005). "What's Left of the Radical Left? The European Radical Left After 1989: Decline and Mutation". Comparative European Politics. 3 (3). Palgrave Macmillan: 23–49. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110052. S2CID 55197396.

Text submitted to CC-BY-SA license. Source: List of left and far-left parties in Europe by Wikipedia (Historical)