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1931 in architecture

1931 in architecture

The year 1931 in architecture involved some significant events.


  • December 5 – The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow (1883) is dynamited.
  • The first of the Architects (Registration) Acts is passed in the United Kingdom.
  • The first of the historic districts in the United States is designated in Charleston, South Carolina, by the city government.

Buildings and structures


  • January 23 – Viceroy's House, New Delhi, India, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, first occupied.
  • May 1 – The Empire State Building is completed in New York City as the tallest building in the world.
  • July 1 – The rebuilt Milano Centrale railway station opens in Italy.
  • July 19 – Sudbury Town station on the London Underground Piccadilly line opens as rebuilt by Charles Holden, the first of his iconic modern designs for the network.
  • July – Royal Corinthian Yacht Club clubhouse, Burnham-on-Crouch, eastern England, designed by Joseph Emberton, is opened.
  • 21 West Street in New York City, designed by Starrett & van Vleck, completed.
  • Villa Savoye in Paris, designed by Le Corbusier and his cousin, Pierre Jeanneret, using reinforced concrete and demonstrating Le Corbusier's Five Points of Architecture, is completed.
  • Commerce Court North is completed in Toronto, Ontario and becomes the tallest building in the British Empire (1931–1962).
  • George Washington Bridge the longest suspension bridge in the world by the length of central span (1931–1937), is completed.
  • St Olaf House (Hay's Wharf head offices), Tooley Street, London Borough of Southwark, designed by H. S. Goodhart-Rendel.
  • Raleigh Bicycle Company head offices in Nottingham, England, designed by Thomas Cecil Howitt, completed.
  • Aiton & Co. factory office, Derby, England, designed by Norah Aiton and Betty Scott, completed.
  • India Tyres offices at Inchinnan, Scotland, designed by Thomas Wallis of Wallis, Gilbert and Partners, completed and opened.
  • Atlantis House and Robinson Crusoe House in Böttcherstraße, Bremen, designed by Bernhard Hoetger, complete the street's construction in the style of Brick Expressionism.
  • City Hall, Hilversum, North Holland, designed by Willem Marinus Dudok, is completed.
  • India Gate in New Delhi is completed.
  • Student Union at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, designed by Sven Markelius and Uno Åhrén.
  • South Houses, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, designed by Gordon Kaufmann.
  • Washington Singer Building on the Streatham Campus of the University of Exeter in England, designed by Vincent Harris.
  • New Synagogue, Žilina, Czechoslovakia, designed by Peter Behrens, is completed.
  • High and Over, Amersham, one of the first modernist houses in England, designed by Amyas Connell, is completed.
  • House for two brothers in Brno, designed by Otto Eisler, is completed.
  • Apartment Building at 342, Muntaner Street, Barcelona, designed by Josep Lluís Sert, is completed.
  • The Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois is demolished.
  • Stella Maris on the island of Norderney by Dominikus Böhm is completed


  • RIBA Royal Gold Medal – Edwin Cooper.
  • Grand Prix de Rome, architecture: Georges Dengler.


  • April 23 – Roland Paoletti, British architect (died 2013)
  • May 3 – Aldo Rossi, Italian architect and designer (died 1997)
  • May 7 – Ricardo Legorreta, Mexican architect (died 2011)
  • May 29 – Mario Maioli, Italian architect and painter
  • July 17 – Edward Cullinan, English architect (died 2019)
  • July 23 – Arata Isozaki, Japanese architect (died 2022)
  • August 16 – Alessandro Mendini, Italian architect and designer (died 2019)
  • October 3 – Denise Scott Brown, Rhodesian-born American architect
  • October 7 – Mark Girouard, English architectural writer and historian (died 2022)


  • March 7 – Theo van Doesburg, Dutch polymath, leader of De Stijl (born 1883)
  • July 17 – William Lethaby, English Arts and Crafts architect and designer (born 1857)
  • September 1 – Nahum Barnet, Melbourne-based Australian architect (born 1855)
  • September 20 – Max Littmann, German architect (born 1862)
  • December 3 – Frederick Walters, Scottish architect of the Victorian and Edwardian eras, notable for his Roman Catholic churches (born 1849)


Text submitted to CC-BY-SA license. Source: 1931 in architecture by Wikipedia (Historical)